Definitions of 1911 Census data


VII. Agriculture (on farms, woods, and gardens)
VIII. Fishing
IX. In and about, and working and dealing in the products of, mines and quarries
X. Metals, machines, implements, and conveyances
XI. Precious metals, jewels, watches, instruments, and games
XIII. Wood, furniture, fittings, and decorations
XIV. Brick, cement, pottery, and glass
XV. Chemicals, oil, grease, soap, resin, etc.
XVI. Skins, leather, hair, and feathers
XVII. Paper, prints, books, and stationery
XVIII. Textile fabrics
XIX. Dress

Dock working

VI. 4 Conveyance of men, goods, and messages – dock labourers, wharf labourers, coalheavers, coal porters, coal labourers
General labouring
XXII. Other, general, and undefined workers and dealers

Knowledge Services

III. Professional occupations and their subordinate services
V. 1, 3, 4. Merchants, agents, accountants; banking, etc.; insurance
V. 2. Commercial or business clerks

Definition of private sector knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS)

This definition is based on the Centre for Cities definition of KIBS used in other research (itself based on the definition used in the State of the English Cities report),77 excluding higher education and with other small adjustments made to achieve as much comparability with earlier years where possible.

4110 : Development of building projects
5821 : Publishing of computer games
5829 : Other software publishing
6201 : Computer programming activities
6202 : Computer consultancy activities
6203 : Computer facilities management activities
6311 : Data processing, hosting and related activities
6312 : Web portals
6411 : Central banking
6419 : Other monetary intermediation
6420 : Activities of holding companies
6430 : Trusts, funds and similar financial entities
6491 : Financial leasing
6492 : Other credit granting
6499 : Other financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding, n.e.c.
6511 : Life insurance
6512 : Non-life insurance
6520 : Reinsurance
6530 : Pension funding
6611 : Administration of financial markets
6612 : Security and commodity contracts brokerage
6619 : Other activities auxiliary to financial services, except insurance and pension funding
6621 : Risk and damage evaluation
6622 : Activities of insurance agents and brokers
6629 : Other activities auxiliary to insurance and pension funding
6630 : Fund management activities
6810 : Buying and selling of own real estate
6832 : Management of real estate on a fee or contract basis
6910 : Legal activities
6920 : Accounting, bookkeeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy
7010 : Activities of head offices
7021 : Public relations and communication activities
7022 : Business and other management consultancy activities
7111 : Architectural activities
7112 : Engineering activities and related technical consultancy
7120 : Technical testing and analysis
7311 : Advertising agencies
7312 : Media representation
7320 : Market research and public opinion polling
7490 : Other professional, scientific and technical activities n.e.c.
9511 : Repair of computers and peripheral equipment


  • 77 DCLG (2006) State of the English Cities, London: The Stationery Office