Transport has a key role to play in helping overcome spatial mismatches between the places where lower skilled people live and where the jobs they seek are located. Connecting people to employment sites has been a key aim of past travel-to-work initiatives from which three main lessons have emerged. In most cases transport solutions alone will not suffice in helping individuals into employment. Other factors, such as skills and demand in the local economy, matter. However, transport policy can be a viable means of achieving positive employment outcomes and should be seen as part of any policy mix aimed at helping individuals access jobs – as well as the role it plays in enabling economic growth and creating new jobs.
This report examines how transport can improve access to work in four case study areas: the wider Milton Keynes area; South Hampshire; Greater Manchester and the Sheffield City Region. The report recommends that as the role transport plays and the appropriateness of specific interventions varies in different places, making devolution of transport powers and budgets is ever more important.
This report is part of our research strand on city collaboration, and is supported by Network Rail.
Policy and Research Manager