City factsheet


How is the Cambridge economy performing, and what are the key policy issues facing the city?

Cambridge map

This factsheet compares Cambridge to the five most similar European cities in size and industrial structure. These are: Groningen (Netherlands), Enschede (Netherlands), Haarlem (Netherlands), Oviedo (Spain)
and Heidelberg (Germany)

Comparing cities in this way helps us to understand more about how well UK cities are competing on an international scale because it groups cities with similar industrial structures, rather than on their resulting economic performance. The factsheet also compares the relative strengths and weaknesses of Cambridge to its European counterparts on variables such as skills, employment and productivity.

City group characteristics

Cambridge and the cities in its group are small in size with relatively large public sectors, as well as a relatively large business services sector. Their manufacturing bases however are among the smallest.


Industrial structure


  • Manufacturing, mining and utilities 2011
  • Business services 2011
  • Public services 2011
  • Other private services 2011
  • Other sectors 2011

Industrial Structure chart

Overall economic performance

Cambridge is high performer in its group and across the board, with a high number of patents, and the most highly skilled population among all European cities analysed. However, while it ranks 3rd in its group for GVA per worker (productivity), it falls some way behind Groningen.

Note: For more about this data please see the indicator index.

Explore the full dataset

This option will take you to the main data tool and allows you to create bar charts, scatter plots and tables for the full dataset of 330 European cities, or any selection of cities you choose.

Go to the European Cities Data Tool