Effective transport is vital for the economy. Good transport connections have direct benefits to people, businesses, the environment, and the economy overall. They can support innovation, help people access jobs, shape greener and healthier places, and attract new firms.
Having more control over transport can help cities make the most of their infrastructure by reducing uncertainty and short timescale of funding, improving the bus system, and ensuring integration of transport, economic development and infrastructure.
Use the table below to find out more about how and what cities in the UK and abroad have done to improve transport. These case studies highlight what the cities did and their self-reported outcomes.
To find out more about what types of transport what types of policy interventions have an impact on local economic growth from across OECD countries, as well as evidence-based policy design guides, take a look at the What Works Centre pages on Transport.
click the case study title to find out more
|Case study||Policy aim||Location||Country||Lead organisation(s)|
|1. Using existing powers over bus stops, timetables and routes||Improve bus quality and services||Nottingham||UK||Nottingham City Council|
|2. Integrating the planning of bus services with other modes of transport in the region||Improve bus quality and services||Helsinki||Finland||Helsinki Region Transport|
|3. Giving cities the power to directly regulate bus services||Improve bus quality and services||London||UK||Transport of London|
|4. Providing long-term funding certainty for infrastructure||Encourage investment in transport||Paris||France||French Government|
|5. Funding transport projects through local taxes, fees and charges||Align costs and benefits of transport||Cities across the UK||UK||City Councils|
|6. Utilising data to improve public transport||Delivering efficient services using data||London||UK||Transport of London|
|7. Sharing data to improve the public transport network||Delivering efficient services using data||Dublin||Ireland||Dublin City Council, IBM|
|8. Creating a real time map of road conditions||Delivering efficient services using data||Boston||US||The Mayor’s Office of New Urban Mechanics|
|9. Increasing accessibility to businesses and shops in the city centre||Provide good links between the city centre and the wider area||Manchester||UK||CityCo Manchester|
|10. Introducing a tram system in a city with fast population growth||Provide good links between the city centre and the wider area||Montpellier||France||Montpellier Agglomeration|
|11. Introducing a new bus system in a mid-sized city||Provide good links between the city centre and the wider area||Eugene||Oregon, US||Lane Transit District, Eugene Council|
|12. Using a Workplace Parking Levy to support investment in public transport||Promote inclusive growth in transport||Nottingham||UK||Nottingham City Council|
|13. Taxing congestion||Promote inclusive growth in transport||London||UK||Transport for London|
|strong>Restricting vehicle access into the city centre||Cleaning up the air we breathe||Paris||France||National Government|
|Reducing idling||Cleaning up the air we breathe||New York City||New York, USA||New York City authority|
|Encouraging the use of public transport by restricting car ownership||Cleaning up the air we breathe||Freiburg||Germany||Freiburg City Council|
|Investing in cycling infrastructure||Cleaning up the air we breathe||Copenhagen||Denmark||Copenhagen City Council|
|strong>Reducing congestion by introducing a demand-based parking-system||Cleaning up the air we breathe||Los Angeles||California, USA||Los Angeles department for transportation|
|Introducing a congestion charge to the city centre||Cleaning up the air we breathe||Milan||Italy||Milan City Council|
|Changing the flow of traffic||Cleaning up the air we breathe||Barcelona||Spain||Barcelona City Council|