City deals and Growth deals can help cities deliver responsive and flexible local strategies. During the last few years, the UK government signed a number of City and Growth deals to promote decentralisation across the country and in particular in English city regions. These deals give more power and flexibility to cities in terms of employment and skills, business support, housing, transport and investments.
Cities have used these powers to achieve different goals, such as providing support to the unemployed, provide training relevant to local needs and support a low carbon economy.
|Case study||Policy aim||Location||Country||Lead organisation(s)|
|1. Offering dedicated help to ESA claimants||Provide support to move the unemployed into work||London||UK||Central London Forward|
|2. Filling the gaps in national provision||Provide support to move the unemployed into work||Ipswich||UK||MyGo, Job Centre Plus|
|3. Introducing a payment by result mechanism||Provide support to move the unemployed into work||Manchester||UK||Manchester City Council|
|4. Incentivising providers using the Skills Funding Incentive pilot||Provide training relevant to local needs||Cities across the UK||UK||Local Enterprise Partnerships|
|5. Increasing employer involvement in the design of training programmes (I)||Provide training relevant to local needs||Greater Manchester||UK||Greater Manchester LEP|
|6. Increasing employer involvement in the design of training programmes (II)||Provide training relevant to local needs||Sheffield city region||UK||Sheffield City Region LEP|
|7. Coordinating skills provision with DWP, JCP and Work Programme providers||Provide training relevant to local needs||Cities across the UK||UK||Local and national government|
| 8. Providing incentives using the Apprenticeship Grant for Employers ||Overcome financial barriers faced by employers in taking on apprenticeships||Greater Manchester||UK||Greater Manchester Apprenticeship Hub|
|9. Improving co-ordination on low carbon infrastructure using City Deals||Support the growth of a low carbon economy||Liverpool||UK||Liverpool City Region|